රාජ්ය ව්යවසායන් පිළිබඳව සැලැකිය යුතු මට්ටමේ කතිකාවතක් මේ වන විට සමාජය තුළ නිර්මාණය වී තිබේ.
මිනිසා සංස්කෘතික සත්වයකු බව පිළිගත් පොදු මතයයි. ලෝකයේ ජීවත් වන සියලු ජීවීන් අතුරින් සංස්කෘතියක් ගොඩනඟා ගත්,
පුද්ගලයකුගේ අනන්යතාව ඔහුගේ හෝ ඇයගේ ලිංගය, වයස, ජාතිය, කුලය, පංතිය, ආගම, වෘත්තිය හෝ රැකියාව, දේශපාලන
හැඳින්වීම ‘සංවර්ධනය’, ධනේශ්වර සංකල්ප සීමාව විනිවිද දකිමු’ නමින් ඔබ අතට පත්වන මේ පොත් පිංච ජනතා
ලාංකීය දේශපාලන ඉතිහාසයේ ඇති අඳුරුම කළු පැල්ලම් අතුරින් වඩාත්ම අඳුරු කළු පැල්ලමක් වන්නේ 1983 ‘කළු
දශක හයක් පුරා පවතින සම්බාධක හේතුවෙන් දැඩි ආර්ථික දුෂ්කරතාවන්ට මුහුණ දී සිටින කියුබාවේ වර්තමාන තත්ත්වය
පොදුවේ ලෝකය තුළ මෙන් ම ශ්රී ලංකාවේ ද දේශපාලන ගමන්මඟ තුළ ආගමේ බලපෑම තීරණාත්මක සාධකයක් වී තිබේ. ඉතිහාසයේ
ධනේශ්වර ක්රමය තුළ දී කර්මාන්ත ක්ෂේත්රයේ පමණක් නොව කෘෂිකර්මාන්තය තුළ ද ධනේශ්වර සූරාකෑම එනම්, අතිරික්ත වටිනාකම් බිහි වීම
ලිංගභෙදය සහ ස්ත්රි පුර්ෂ සමාජභාවය යන්න තරමක් සමාන අර්ථවකින් භාවිතා කිරීමට අපි හුරු වී ඇත්තෙමු.
ස්ත්රී විමුක්තිය ගැන සාකච්ඡා කිරීමේ දී මාර්තු මාසය විශේෂත්වයක් දරයි. ඒ කාන්තා දිනය මාර්තු මස 08ට
Under the Rule of Private Property Karl MarxEconomic and Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844 ||XIV|  (7) We have seen what significance, given socialism, the wealth of human needs acquires, and what significance, therefore, both a new mode of production and a new object of production obtain: a new manifestation of the forces of human nature and a new enrichment of human nature. Under private property their significance is reversed: every person speculates on creating a new need in another, so as to drive him to fresh sacrifice, to place him in a new dependence and to seduce him into a new mode of enjoyment and therefore economic ruin. Each tries to establish over the other
Works of Karl Marx 1847 Delivered: December 1847;Source: Wage Labour and Capital, the original 1891 pamphlet;Edited/Translated: Frederick Engels;First Published (in German): Neue Rheinische Zeitung, April 5-8 and 11, 1849;Online Version: Marx/Engels Internet Archive (marxists.org) 1993, 1999;Transcription/Markup: Zodiac and Brian Baggins;Proofed: and corrected by Alek Blain, 2006. Table of Contents: IntroductionPreliminaryWhat are wages?By what is the price of a commodity determined?By what are wages determined?The nature and growth of capitalRelation of wage-labor to capitalThe general law that determines the rise and fall of wages and profitThe interests of capital and wage-labor are diametrically opposedEffect of capitalist competition on the capitalist class, middle class and working class
Karl Marx 1845 Written: by Marx in Brussels in the spring of 1845, under the title “1) ad Feuerbach”;Marx’s original text was first published in 1924, in German and in Russian translation, by the Institute of Marxism-Leninism in Marx-Engels Archives, Book I, Moscow. The English translation was first published in the Lawrence and Wishart edition of The German Ideology in 1938.The most widely known version of the Theses is that based on Engels’ edited version, published as an appendix to his Ludwig Feuerbach in 1888, where he gave it the title Theses on Feuerbach;Translated: by Cyril Smith 2002, based on work done jointly with Don Cuckson. 1 The main defect
Instructions for the Delegates of the Provisional General Council The International Workingmen’s Association, 1866 Written: in English by Marx at the end of August 1866;First published: in Der Vorbote Nos. 10 and 11, October and November 1866 and The International Courier Nos. 6/7, February 20, and Nos. 8/10, March 13, 1867;Transcribed: by email@example.com, April 1996. Table of Contents Organization of the International Association International combination of efforts, by the agency of the association, in the struggle between labour and capital Limitation of the working day Juvenile and children’s labour (both sexes) Co-operative labour Trades’ unions. Their past, present and future Direct and indirect taxation International credit Polish
Private property by no means makes its appearance in history as the result of robbery or force. On the contrary. It already existed, though limited to certain objects, in the ancient primitive communities of all civilised peoples. It developed into the form of commodities within these communities, at first through barter with foreigners. The more the products of the community assumed the commodity form, that is, the less they were produced for their producers’ own use and the more for the purpose of exchange, and the more the original spontaneously evolved division of labour was superseded by exchange also within
Political economy, in the widest sense, is the science of the laws governing the production and exchange of the material means of subsistence in human society. Production and exchange are two different functions. Production may occur without exchange, but exchange — being necessarily an exchange of products — cannot occur without production. Each of these two social functions is subject to the action of external influences which to a great extent are peculiar to it and for this reason each has, also to a great extent, its own special laws. But on the other hand, they constantly determine and influence