German philosopher, political economist, historian, sociologist, humanist, political theorist, and revolutionary credited as the founder of communism. Marx summarized his approach to history and politics in the opening line of the first chapter of The Communist Manifesto : “The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles.” Marx argued that capitalism, like previous socioeconomic systems, will produce internal tensions which will lead to its destruction. Just as capitalism replaced feudalism, socialismwill in its turn replace capitalism and lead to a stateless, classless society which will emerge after a transitional period, the “dictatorship of the proletariat”.
While Marx remained a relatively obscure figure in his own lifetime, his ideas began to exert a major influence on workers’ movements shortly after his death. This influence gained added impetus with the victory of the Marxist Bolsheviks in the Russian October Revolution in 1917, and few parts of the world remained significantly untouched by Marxian ideas in the course of the twentieth century.
Capital Vol. III, 1894
Capital Vol. IV (Theories of Surplus Value)
The Civil War in France, 1871
Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy, 1859
Critique of the Gotha Programme, 1875
Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844
The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte, 1852
The German Ideology
The German Ideology Vol 01
Manifesto of the Communist Party, 1848