Karl Marx (1818-1883)

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German philosopher, political economist, historian, sociologist, humanist, political theorist, and revolutionary credited as the founder of communism. Marx summarized his approach to history and politics in the opening line of the first chapter of The Communist Manifesto [1848]: “The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles.” Marx argued that capitalism, like previous socioeconomic systems, will produce internal tensions which will lead to its destruction. Just as capitalism replaced feudalism, socialismwill in its turn replace capitalism and lead to a stateless, classless society which will emerge after a transitional period, the “dictatorship of the proletariat”.

While Marx remained a relatively obscure figure in his own lifetime, his ideas began to exert a major influence on workers’ movements shortly after his death. This influence gained added impetus with the victory of the Marxist Bolsheviks in the Russian October Revolution in 1917, and few parts of the world remained significantly untouched by Marxian ideas in the course of the twentieth century.

Books

Capital Vol. I, 1867

Capital Vol. II, 1885

Capital Vol. III, 1894

Capital Vol. IV (Theories of Surplus Value)

The Civil War in France, 1871

Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy, 1859

Critique of the Gotha Programme, 1875

Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844 

The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte, 1852 

The German Ideology

The German Ideology Vol 01

Grundrisse, 1857
Manifesto of the Communist Party, 1848

The Poverty of Philosophy, 1847

Value, Price and Profit, 1865

Wage Labour & Capital, 1847

කොමියුනිස්ට් පක්ෂයේ ප්‍රකාශනය (සිංහල පරිවර්තනය)

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